Artículo

El trabajo actoral como fundamento para el cine de autor. El cine independiente americano como ejemplo.

Cynthia Baron

Resumen


Para ilustrar que el trabajo actoral merece la misma atención que se le da a otros elementos fílmicos, el presente artículo demuestra que actuar puede ser crucial incluso para el cine independiente de autor. El análisis se centra en las interpretaciones de los personajes de Matewan (John Sayles, 1987), que pertenece a la primera «edad de oro» del cine independiente americano, y que está realizada por un director de cine independiente reconocido. Explora la concepción neo-naturalista del personaje sobre la cual se basan las actuaciones en Matewan. También analiza aspectos de los actos identificados por los teóricos de la Escuela de Praga como signos gestuales (gestos sociales) y expresiones gestuales (uso individual de los gestos), para demostrar que, en Matewan, la información clave sobre los personajes y su mundo se transmite a través de los signos gestuales seleccionados y de las cualidades de las expresiones gestuales idiosincrásicas de cada actor.


Palabras clave


Trabajo actoral; interpretación en la pantalla; cine independiente americano; naturalismo; semiótica de Praga.

Citas


American Cinematographer (1999). Interview with John Sayles. En D. Carson (ed.), John Sayles Interviews (pp. 52-56). Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.

American Film (1999). Dialogue on Film: John Sayles. En D. Carson (ed.), John Sayles Interviews (pp. 80-85). Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.

Baron, Cynthia, Carson, Diane, y Tomasulo, Frank P. (2004). Introduction. En C. Baron, D. Carson, y F. P. Tomasulo (eds.), More Than a Method: Trends and Traditions in Contemporary Film Performance (pp. 1-19). Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

Baron, Cynthia (2006). Sayles between the Systems: Bucking “Industry Policy” and Indie Apolitical Chic. En D. Carson y H. Kenaga (eds.), Sayles Talk: New Perspectives on Independent Filmmaker John Sayles (pp. 16-50). Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

Baron, Cynthia y Carnicke, Sharon Marie (2008). Reframing Screen Performance. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Bould, Mark (2009). Lone Star: The Cinema of John Sayles. Londres: Wallflower Press.

Carson, Diane (2004). Plain and Simple: Masculinity through John Sayles’s Lens. En C. Baron, D. Carson, y F. P. Tomasulo (eds.), More Than a Method: Trends and Traditions in Contemporary Film Performance (pp. 173-191). Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

Ebert, Roger (1999). A Filmmaker with “Passion”. En D. Carson (ed.), John Sayles Interviews (pp. 160-163). Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.

King, Geoff (2009). Indiewood USA… Where Hollywood Meets Independent Cinema. Londres: I. B. Tauris.

King, Geoff, Molloy, Claire, y Tzioumakis, Yannis (eds.). (2013). American Independent Cinema: Indie, Indiewood and Beyond. Nueva York, Routledge.

Kushner, Cheryl (1999). Real Big Leaguer Connects Again. En D. Carson (ed.), John Sayles Interviews (pp. 117-121). Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.

Mayer, David (1999). Acting in Silent Film: Which Legacy of the Theatre? En A. Lovell y P. Kramer (eds.), Screen Acting (pp. 10-30). Londres: Routledge.

McDonald, Paul (1999). Secrets and Lies: Acting for Mike Leigh. En A. Lovell y P. Kramer (eds.), Screen Acting (pp. 138-151). Londres: Routledge.

Naremore, James (1988). Acting in the Cinema. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Newman, Michael Z. (2010). Indiewood: Storytelling in American Independent Cinema. Nueva York: Columbia University Press.

Perren, Alissa (2010). Indie Inc.: Miramax, Niche Films, and the Transformation of Hollywood in the 1990s. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Pierson, John (2003). Spike Mike Reloaded: A Guided Tour Across a Decade of American Independent Cinema. Nueva York: Hyperion.

Ratner, Megan (1999). Borderlines. En D. Carson (ed.), John Sayles Interviews (pp. 202-209). Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.

Sayles, John (1987). Thinking in Pictures: The Making of the Movie Matewan. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Schlesinger, Tom (1999). Putting People Together: An Interview with John Sayles. En D. Carson (ed.), John Sayles Interviews (pp. 15-26). Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.

Scott, Nancy (1999). Independent Sayles-man. En D. Carson (ed.), John Sayles Interviews (pp. 129-132). Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.

Shumway, David R. (2012). John Sayles. Urbana, Chicago & Springfield: University of Illinois Press.

Tzioumakis, Yannis (2006). American Independent Cinema: An Introduction. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

— (2011). Hollywood’s Indie’s: Classics Divisions, Specialty Labels and the Independent Film Market. Edimburgo: Edinburgh University Press.

University of Michigan (2014). The Special Collections Library: The John Sayles Archive.

Viera, Maria (2004). Playing with Performance: Directorial and Performance Style in John Cassavetes’s Opening Night. En C. Baron, D. Carson y F. P. Tomasulo (eds.), More Than a Method: Trends and Traditions in Contemporary Film Performance (pp. 153-172). Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

Woloch, Alex (2006). Breakups and Reunions: Late Realism in Early John Sayles. En

D. Carson y H. Kenaga (eds.), Sayles Talk: New Perspectives on Independent Filmmaker John Sayles (pp. 51-78). Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

Wood, Jason (2004). 100 American Independent Films. Londres: British Film Institute

American Cinematographer (1999). Interview with John Sayles. En D. Carson (ed.), John Sayles Interviews (pp. 52-56). Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.

American Film (1999). Dialogue on Film: John Sayles. En D. Carson (ed.), John Sayles Interviews (pp. 80-85). Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.

Baron, Cynthia, Carson, Diane, y Tomasulo, Frank P. (2004). Introduction. En C. Baron, D. Carson, y F. P. Tomasulo (eds.), More Than a Method: Trends and Traditions in Contemporary Film Performance (pp. 1-19). Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

Baron, Cynthia (2006). Sayles between the Systems: Bucking “Industry Policy” and Indie Apolitical Chic. En D. Carson y H. Kenaga (eds.), Sayles Talk: New Perspectives on Independent Filmmaker John Sayles (pp. 16-50). Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

Baron, Cynthia y Carnicke, Sharon Marie (2008). Reframing Screen Performance. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Bould, Mark (2009). Lone Star: The Cinema of John Sayles. Londres: Wallflower Press.

Carson, Diane (2004). Plain and Simple: Masculinity through John Sayles’s Lens. En C. Baron, D. Carson, y F. P. Tomasulo (eds.), More Than a Method: Trends and Traditions in Contemporary Film Performance (pp. 173-191). Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

Ebert, Roger (1999). A Filmmaker with “Passion”. En D. Carson (ed.), John Sayles Interviews (pp. 160-163). Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.

King, Geoff (2009). Indiewood USA… Where Hollywood Meets Independent Cinema. Londres: I. B. Tauris.

King, Geoff, Molloy, Claire, y Tzioumakis, Yannis (eds.). (2013). American Independent Cinema: Indie, Indiewood and Beyond. Nueva York, Routledge.

Kushner, Cheryl (1999). Real Big Leaguer Connects Again. En D. Carson (ed.), John Sayles Interviews (pp. 117-121). Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.

Mayer, David (1999). Acting in Silent Film: Which Legacy of the Theatre? En A. Lovell y P. Kramer (eds.), Screen Acting (pp. 10-30). Londres: Routledge.

McDonald, Paul (1999). Secrets and Lies: Acting for Mike Leigh. En A. Lovell y P. Kramer (eds.), Screen Acting (pp. 138-151). Londres: Routledge.

Naremore, James (1988). Acting in the Cinema. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Newman, Michael Z. (2010). Indiewood: Storytelling in American Independent Cinema. Nueva York: Columbia University Press.

Perren, Alissa (2010). Indie Inc.: Miramax, Niche Films, and the Transformation of Hollywood in the 1990s. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Pierson, John (2003). Spike Mike Reloaded: A Guided Tour Across a Decade of American Independent Cinema. Nueva York: Hyperion.

Ratner, Megan (1999). Borderlines. En D. Carson (ed.), John Sayles Interviews (pp. 202-209). Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.

Sayles, John (1987). Thinking in Pictures: The Making of the Movie Matewan. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Schlesinger, Tom (1999). Putting People Together: An Interview with John Sayles. En D. Carson (ed.), John Sayles Interviews (pp. 15-26). Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.

Scott, Nancy (1999). Independent Sayles-man. En D. Carson (ed.), John Sayles Interviews (pp. 129-132). Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.

Shumway, David R. (2012). John Sayles. Urbana, Chicago & Springfield: University of Illinois Press.

Tzioumakis, Yannis (2006). American Independent Cinema: An Introduction. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

— (2011). Hollywood’s Indie’s: Classics Divisions, Specialty Labels and the Independent Film Market. Edimburgo: Edinburgh University Press.

University of Michigan (2014). The Special Collections Library: The John Sayles Archive.

Viera, Maria (2004). Playing with Performance: Directorial and Performance Style in John Cassavetes’s Opening Night. En C. Baron, D. Carson y F. P. Tomasulo (eds.), More Than a Method: Trends and Traditions in Contemporary Film Performance (pp. 153-172). Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

Woloch, Alex (2006). Breakups and Reunions: Late Realism in Early John Sayles. En

D. Carson y H. Kenaga (eds.), Sayles Talk: New Perspectives on Independent Filmmaker John Sayles (pp. 51-78). Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

Wood, Jason (2004). 100 American Independent Films. Londres: British Film Institute.


Texto completo: PDF PDF (English)

Refbacks

  • No hay Refbacks actualmente.